The Australian Silky Terrier is a huge ball of contradictions and surprises. Having a toy appearance, representatives of this breed are not at all decorative dogs. Is it possible to believe that these cute creatures are formidable hunters, watchmen, shepherds, guards? Yes, behind such a cute face hides an incredibly strong-willed dog with unusual abilities.
The Silky Terrier is abbreviated as Silka, a small-breed dog obtained by crossing two terriers - Australian and Yorkshire.
The history of the breed began in the XIX century, when the first Yorkshire terriers began to be imported into Australia. Such small breeds were highly appreciated in the country, therefore, to improve the local representatives of the Australian Terriers they were crossed with the brought. One more important goal was pursued - to get wool of blue color.
The hopes of the breeders were justified - the new breed came to fame, favorably distinguished by a beautiful coat with a silver-bluish tint. This wool was the name of the breed - because in the translation "silk" means silk.
World cynological communities quickly appreciated the newly made breed, and already at the beginning of the 20th century its representatives could be found at the most prestigious exhibitions. And a little earlier, the standards of these small dogs were approved.
However, over a quarter of a century of its existence, official standards have been changed more than once, and it became unified and unchanged only in 1926. Until the middle of the last century, in addition to the main name, thoroughbred dogs began to be called Sidney Silk.
Intensive distribution of the breed around the world began at the end of World War II, when demobilized soldiers took these small dogs to their homeland. Thus, the terrier came to the States. Representatives there quickly gained popularity, and dog-breeding clubs of strong terriers began to open across the country.
What a thoroughbred dog looks like
Photo of the Australian Silky Terrier
According to the approved standards, representatives of the breed must meet the following indicators:
- Head absolutely proportional to the size of the body, with a flat forehead that is longer than the bridge of the nose; there is a pronounced transition from the forehead to the nose.
- The ears have an average landing, triangular, upright, with pointed tips. The ear cartilage is quite elastic. The ears are covered with a soft coat, there is no wool inside. There are individuals with bent ears, which is beyond the scope of the standard.
- Nose - a lobe of these terriers in black.
- Teeth - smooth, medium-sized, white, scissor bite, lips have a clear stroke.
- Eyes - small, roundish, dark iris. The snare has a lively look, at times somewhat wary.
- Body dogs elongated, strong. The back is flat, moderately wide; The sternum has medium sizes, rounded ribs. Neck with moderate bends.
- Paws smooth, strong, with rounded, collected pads and black claws. The elbow and shoulder joints are harmoniously located. Disadvantages are any changes in their tilt.
- Tail if docked, it has a straight vertical position, in the case of a natural size, only the lower vertebrae are in the same position, the rest are slightly bent towards the back. In both cases, the tail is covered with short hair, if decorating hair is observed, then this is a defect of the individual.
- Wool elongated, soft and silky, its length can reach 15 cm. It covers the body of the dog from the croup of the animal to the back of the head; has a blue tint, the color becomes richer closer to the tail of the dog. Fawn marks in the area of the paws and under the tail are possible. According to breed standards, falling hair on the face is considered an undesirable occurrence.
Outwardly, Australian terriers are very similar to Yorkshire, but the bluest and softest coat is the most obvious difference. The weight of a dog of this breed can vary between 3.5-4.5 kg.
Characteristics of the snare
These little dogs have a cheerful disposition, energy and increased activity. Running, jumping, playing with children - this is the favorite pastime of a bunch of terriers.
Also, representatives of this breed are distinguished by excellent quick wit, lively and sharp mind, curiosity. Silks can be good companions, only having a wayward character, they are not very easy to train. Dogs, in most cases, are strongly attached to the owners and love children.
Pictured Silky Terrier resting on the couch
When breeding the breed, breeders sought to get not so much a pet as a hunter for small pests, a guard and a shepherd. And as a result, the silky Australian terrier, despite its small size, has an innate hunting instinct, is an open thunderstorm of rats and other rodents. The pet fearlessly guards the territory entrusted to him and can look after small livestock.
These small dogs of a decorative appearance are quite cocky, and in which case, they can stand not only for themselves, but also for their beloved owner. In contact with a person, the terrier snares are submissive and obedient. They have a balanced temperament, like to flatter themselves, but they can also show restraint.
They are captivated by their excellent adaptability for keeping in an apartment, and their small size allows you to start this pet in small areas. But a stormy temperament can cause inconvenience - a dog, especially a young individual, often starts to run and jump in the early morning, despite the protests of the household.
In order to avoid problems, it is necessary to provide the dog with long walks, active training, so that there is not enough energy for the prank terrier.
Care for representatives of this breed
As noted above, walks are long, with games and jogging, this is what an active strong terrier needs. An ideal place for them is a forest zone or a park.
Daily hygiene care includes the following necessary measures:
- Daily attention should be paid to the condition of the eyes of the pet, teeth, ears;
- if necessary, the eyes and ears should be treated with a cotton pad soaked in boiled water;
- periodically need to trim the claws.
Wool is a separate article in the care of the Australian Silky Terrier. Wool can look chic if you follow all the measures and take care of its appearance. To do this, you need to spend 10-15 minutes daily on the combing procedure. For these purposes, it is more convenient to use a massage brush.
Pictured puppy dog breed Australian Silky Terrier
The structure of the wool makes it prone to knocking in tassels. Therefore, it is necessary to unravel them manually every day, but do not try to comb out or cut them. After the procedure, you can make your pet a haircut by collecting a bunch of wool covering your eyes.
As for water procedures, everything is very simple - representatives of this breed adore water and bathing, moreover, these events are only beneficial for the dog. Therefore, you can bathe terrier snakes as many times as you like. It is better to use special products for washing, and after bathing the dog must be dried with a towel and a hairdryer. Knowing the tendency of this breed to all sorts of colds, you need to make sure that the pet does not get sick during bath time and after.
An Australian pet can eat both natural food and balanced prepared feeds. In the first case, the pet's diet can be supplemented with vitamin supplements, but only after consultation with a veterinarian. The lack of nutrients leads to joint dysplasia. A regular visit to the doctor for vaccination and routine examination will help maintain a normal pet health and prevent the development of diseases.
Photo of Australian Silky Terriers
How much does a puppy cost and where to buy it
In our country, and especially in provincial cities, it is rarely possible to meet dogs of this breed. Therefore, the purchase of a thoroughbred pet can be problematic. The easiest way to get a dog of this breed at shows or by ad.
You need to be prepared for the fact that some unscrupulous breeders give puppies of Yorkshire terriers for Australian silky. Therefore, it is better to know all the qualities of the dog in advance.
If a suitable candidate is found, then you can agree on the price of the Australian silky terrier. By the way, she can scare away even an experienced dog breeder, as a puppy costs $ 1,000 and more. Most likely, the cost is associated with the unusual appearance of the dog and its rarity.
Nurseries of Australian Silky Terriers
Nursery in Moscow and the Moscow Region: //zvezdnoe-grafstvo.ru
Nursery in St. Petersburg: //cramons.com