Dogs are the smartest creatures, grabbing teams almost on the fly. However, far from all of them are ready for unconditional obedience, sometimes they are prone to self-will and stubbornness. That is why, in certain situations, even such a simple command as “lie down!” Causes some difficulties, moreover, not only for beginners, but also for experienced dog breeders. So, let's see how to teach a dog a command to lie.
The command "lay" - quite often used in everyday life. It helps when visiting a veterinary clinic, underlies other, more complex tasks and is an indispensable element of education. You can teach a month-old baby, but, only taking into account one nuance - you can punish a dog just from 3 months. Therefore, while only positive reinforcement is used.
The lay command does not require special attention; usually it is included in a comprehensive training, together with other teams. It is possible to conduct classes at home, however, not forgetting about street training - otherwise at home the dog can show perfect obedience, and on the street do not pay attention to what the owner is saying to him.
To facilitate the task, the owner can use step-by-step instructions:
- When the dog sits near the owner’s left foot, and he holds a leash in his hands, you need to take a treat and bring it to the dog’s nose, saying a command and lowering the piece down.
- Most often, dogs do not give up the opportunity to feast on and lie down to reach for a yummy. It is perfectly! It is necessary to say praise: "Lie down, well, well done."
- If the dog changed position without permission, then treating him is not recommended! For example, a pet showed obedience - lay down, and then sat on its own or stood up. In this situation, you can strictly pull it on the leash down, applying pressure with your hand on the dog’s back, inviting her to return to the desired position. That is, the dog performs another command, instead of the required one, so it needs to be punished.
- It is recommended to use a treat so that the dog takes a lying position, but one of the 10 dogs is helped by a slightly different technique: the dog is located at the left foot, you need to sit opposite it, grab both forepaws with your hands, tell the team and pull them so that the dog lies down. As soon as this happened, you need to treat the pet with a tasty treat and caress.
- If the dog does not remain in the right position and, having just dropped down, stands up, it means that it is necessary to add rigor: only the dog stood up, you need to immediately pull the leash down. If it didn’t work, repeat the jerk, but more intensively. It is necessary to dwell on such a force of a jerk that does not harm the pet, but makes him obey.
- There are dogs who do not try to go to bed after a treat. They can simply sit without reacting, or with interest drive their nose and crank their necks. Such behavior is not worth encouraging! It should clearly and loudly say "lie down!" and tear the leash down.
- Strictness is the key to successful training, a dog gets a tasty treat only when he lays down without pressure from the owner, only after hearing a command.
A particularly difficult situation arises when the dog categorically refuses to take a lying position. He twists, his paws become as if wooden and do not bend, in general - by all means he tries to sit or stand. Then the most ideal time for training is the period when the dog himself wants to lie down.
Watching the behavior of the pet, the owner sees how he is going to lie down? You need to be proactive - quickly come up, say the command "lie!". It turns out that the dog did not lie down himself, but after the words of the owner. Of course, in this situation, training will become longer, but if you do not back down, the dog will nevertheless obey.
- to me;
- give me a paw.
What are the rules?
Training does not tolerate errors, and the owner must know how to approach training so as not to harm. There are a number of rules that are recommended to adhere to:
- Offering a dog to lie for a treat, it is not necessary to treat her every time. That is, it is better to give a tidbit through the team - once the dog lays down without refreshments, and the next time he already receives a well-deserved reward.
- It is not necessary to divide the commands, for example, give the command "lie", and after a few seconds, another. It is important that the dog can orient and clearly complete the task. And the race for quantity is inappropriate here - the dog is not required to complete tasks on time.
- Giving your pet only one command! You can not repeat it many times and even two repetitions are superfluous. The dog must learn that you need to obey the owner immediately, and not when time passes, and he will begin to get annoyed.
It is important not to rush, to remain calm and not to skip steps. The dog’s skills must be stable, it should not be distracted by external stimuli and be in the established position until the owner releases it. You should gradually increase the time that the dog is in a lying position, give a command in crowded places and other difficult situations.
When the animal has mastered the skill and will execute the command unquestioningly and without the intervention of the owner, one can proceed to the more difficult task - to teach him to respond to the command, being far from the owner and without a verbal command, but by gesture.
Of course, not all owners go further, and for many, the result is enough. But if a pet requires more than just being a pet, then you will have to work hard and teach him more complex teams.
The lay command - It is quite simple, and even a child can teach a puppy this simple maneuver. But difficulties arise here, you need to go to the end, without retreating. In the "man-dog" combination, the main thing is always the person, he sets the pace of training and is the initiator. But do not forget about respect - you can not offend your four-legged friend, be dismissive, because he deserves a good treatment.