Why is a cat bite dangerous? According to statistics, 90% of domestic and 99% of street cats are potentially dangerous to humans, especially for children, pregnant women and the elderly. Even strong immunity is not able to cope with infections that enter through the scratches and wounds in the human body. And some viruses, such as rabies and tetanus, are a mortal danger to humans.
Feline Bite Bacterial Infections
The saliva, mucous membranes, hair and claws of animals contain a large number of pathogenic microorganisms that enter the wounds after a cat bite. The teeth of this animal are sharp and thin, therefore they inflict deep stab wounds, often closed. A strong jaw of a cat does not immediately release the captured prey - fingers, wrists, feet, other parts of the victim’s face and body.
Inflammation and suppuration from cat bites occur 4-5 times more often than from bites of dogs and other animals. The danger is pathogenic bacteria contained in the cat's body:
The focus of inflammation is formed depending on the depth and location of the wound. It can be arms and legs, face, neck, body. Injuries received from cat's teeth can be near the surface of the skin, and can extend to the depth of the tendons, nerves and muscles. Sometimes a cat can bite to the bone. The result of this may be - long-lasting infectious and inflammatory processes, blood poisoning, tissue atrophy, purulent diseases and sepsis.
Cat bite rabies infection
The danger of a cat bite is a possible rabies infection. Street animals - cats and dogs - can be carriers of the deadly rabies virus, which they transmit to people with saliva through damaged skin - a scratch or wound in the blood. At the same time, both street and domestic animals that were not vaccinated against rabies infection are dangerous for humans. The main treatment for adults and children after a bite is rabies serum.
You can determine rabies in a cat by external signs:
- clear manifestation of aggression;
- profuse salivation;
- foam from the mouth;
- lack of fear of the enemy;
- inadequate response to sounds;
- nervous disorders in the animal - tremor, convulsions, convulsions.
Sick animals are caught and isolated to avoid the likely danger to adults and children. In humans, signs of rabies appear within a few weeks, the disease is incurable and in 100% of cases has a fatal outcome from muscle paralysis.
Cat tetanus infection
A cat bite is dangerous for a person in tetanus. Tetanus bacillus is present in the external environment and in the cat's body. Transmission of pathogenic bacillus occurs through damaged skin and mucous membranes of a person from the teeth and claws of animals. The disease is characterized by severe damage to the nervous system, the inevitable consequence of the disease is tonic convulsions of the muscles of the whole body. Without timely and intensive treatment, a violation of vital processes - respiration, the activity of the heart and blood vessels, defecation and urination, leads to the death of the patient.
In case of risk of infection and for prophylactic purposes, tetanus should be vaccinated once every five years. It is better to prevent the disease with vaccination, since it is expensive and difficult to treat it.
A cat bite is dangerous - it's a fact! Especially if a child, a pregnant woman, an elderly person or people with reduced and weak immunity are bitten. The main condition for a successful recovery is to quickly treat and disinfect the wound, urgently, in a few hours, go to the hospital.