Cats are the cleanest pets that thoroughly wash themselves after each waking. They lick the hair and pads "remove" dried brownish crusts from the corners of the eyes. Usually the owner does not notice such formations, but when the cat's eyes fester, the outflow from them and souring become permanent and clearly visible. Such a symptom is considered dangerous and should be eliminated under the supervision of a veterinarian. Why such a pathology develops, what to do, what should be treated with a pet whose eyes are festering? Find out the answers to these questions by reading the article.
Causes and symptoms of suppuration in cats
A small amount of eye leakage in healthy cats is considered normal. Feline "tears" usually have a reddish or grayish tint, and appear for various reasons. Discharge from the cat's eyes can be single and rare. Perhaps the animal’s eyes began to water, because there was a protective reaction to dust particles that got on the surface of the visual organ.
This situation is not dangerous, so the owner should not worry about this. Another thing is when the eyes of the pet are festering, from them oozing thick pus of yellow or green. This is already a cause for concern.
In any case, it is necessary to understand the causes of the pathology, and then start the therapy. So why do cats suffer from festering eyes?
- If the cat has purulent discharge from the eye, characterized by a clear or watery consistency, then this symptom often indicates mechanical injuries to the visual organ or allergic reactions. A characteristic feature of such outflows is gray or reddish crusts that dry up in the inner corners of the eyes.
- Thick, yellowish or greenish discharge indicates that an infection (caused by bacteria or fungus) has entered your pet's body. The animal necessarily needs the help of a veterinarian, because it will not be possible to cure such a pathology at home. Self-medication can further worsen the animal’s health.
- When a cat's eyes are badly rotting, it is necessary to check whether he has systemic or eye diseases. Eye injuries, conjunctivitis, diseases of the eyelids or cornea can provoke the appearance of suppuration in the visual organs of the animal. The cat's eyes also fester because its body is affected by chronic viral infections, plague, or panleukopenia.
- Injuries or bruising of the eyelids also cause the appearance of purulent discharge from the cat's eyes. The animal can injure the visual organ during a fight with another cat, in the process of climbing trees (branches) or as a result of sloppy games. Often, the inflammatory process after an injury extends to the eyeball.
- Chemical, temperature or traumatic effects on the eyelids can provoke the development of blepharitis and, as a result, suppuration of the cat's organ of vision. Viruses, germs, fungal infections get into the damaged eye, which causes the eyes to fester.
- Improper nutrition, household cleaning products, poor sleep, and even individual structural features of the cat's face are all factors that also explain why the pet's eyes are festering.
- Colds or allergies. If the cat sneezes and eyes fester, this is an alarming bell. The animal probably caught a cold. Such a reaction of the pet's body can be to an infection or allergic irritants that have got into the body. But sometimes sneezing in cats provokes dust in the nose.
A good owner will quickly see that his pet's eyes are festering. He must be alert for additional signs indicating serious problems with the cat's visual organ. These include:
- the animal behaves uneasily, often rubs the sore eye with a paw, the cat’s appetite disappears;
- the hair around the sore eye becomes brownish and fallen off;
- sometimes the cat's body temperature rises, he tries to hide in a dark secluded place;
- eyes that fester become reddish or cloudy;
- the animal often blinks;
- in front of the cat's eyes, due to non-stopping expiration, a dense brownish crust forms, which prevents the pet from opening them completely;
- hypersensitivity to light (the cat develops photophobia, characteristic of pathological processes in the cornea).
If viral diseases develop in the cat's body, then suppuration of the eyes is often accompanied by a prolonged and persistent fever.
As soon as the first alarming symptoms appear, take the cat to the vet. He will prescribe a set of analyzes, put the correct diagnosis according to their results and prescribe treatment. In order to diagnose conjunctivitis, the veterinarian does tests of flushing from the mucous membranes of the sick eye.
If the owner of the fluffy noticed purulent discharge of the eye from the pet, he needs to first determine their nature. This will further enable the veterinarian to make an accurate diagnosis, to differentiate less dangerous diseases of the animal’s visual organs from more serious ones. The type of secretions will also help determine whether pathogenic microflora is involved in their appearance.
Cats run out of eyes.
- Mucopurulent. Occur due to eye damage with bacterial infections. The color of the purulent fluid varies from dark yellow to green. A characteristic sign is the presence of a smell of heat.
- Serous. Allocations of a watery consistency are almost always transparent, have the color of straw. Sometimes they can cast a pinkish tint. Serous inflammation is often the initial stage of complex pathologies. Also, the appearance of serous outflows may indicate the presence of an allergic reaction or infection of a viral nature. The appearance of such secretions is associated with exposure to chemicals or cigarette smoke.
- Mucous. Light and viscous discharge of protein structure, odorless. Most often, mucous outflows indicate a chronic type of influence of various irritants or powerful allergens, pathological conditions of the cornea or lacrimal ducts. If the cat has untreated eye injuries, then there is a high risk of developing purulent inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eye membranes.
If the kitten's eyes are festering, the owner should visit the veterinarian with his pet. This is especially important in cases where the outflow from serous pass into the mucous or mucopurulent. The owner of the animal must understand that the conjunctiva and cornea of an eye in cats are very delicate areas.
If pathological factors affect them for a long time, and treatment is not carried out, then these tissues undergo irreversible dystrophic transformations. As a result, the cat's vision is severely impaired. To prevent this from happening, the owner should know what to do at home when the cat's eyes are festering.
- Pay attention to how long the cat's eyes are festering. If purulent expiration lasts more than 2-3 days, and ugly crusts constantly appear in the corners of the pet’s eyes, study the condition of the animal more carefully.
- See if the cat’s eye is injured, if a foreign body has not got into it. Only in such cases, the animal can be cured at home, without the help of a veterinarian.
- If there is a suspicion that the pet's eyes are festering due to allergies, it is necessary to find out what caused the reaction. Perhaps the cat has changed food or the animal is constantly located near flowering plants with a pungent odor.
Actually, this is all that the owner of a furry pet can do to cure him at home. In more severe cases, you need to take the cat to the veterinarian.
The treatment of festering eyes in a cat is developed depending on the reasons for the problem. If an animal has an eyelid swollen and one eye festering, this is likely to occur as a result of trauma or a foreign body entering the visual organ. The first thing the owner must do is to rinse the affected eye, removing accumulated secretions and dried-on crusts. Such events are held every day until the cat's eyes cease to fester.
To rinse the patient’s eyes, you can buy a special solution in a pharmacy or prepare it yourself. At home, the cat can rinse the eyes with the following compounds.
- A solution of distilled water and sodium chloride. For 1 liter of liquid you need to take 0.5 tsp. salt and bring the mixture to a boil. Immediately before use, the composition is cooled. If the cat's eyes are festering, it is recommended that they be treated with just such saline. The only exception is situations when suppuration has arisen due to exposure to allergens. Then you can’t add salt to clean water.
- Strong infusion of tea. For its preparation, it is better to use distilled water and whole leaflets. Tea brewing has excellent disinfectant properties. In addition, it contains caffeine, which contributes to the narrowing of blood vessels and reduces the symptomatic manifestations of allergic reactions.
- Does a cat's eyes fester as a result of a bruise? Use hydrogen peroxide to flush them.
- With severe suppuration, before visiting the veterinarian, flush the eyes of the animal with chamomile broth, furatsilinom or boric acid. Furatsilin is taken 0.02%, and boric acid is dissolved in 0.5 l of water.
If you rub the cat’s eyes at home, divide the treatment solution into 2 parts in advance (each of them will go to one eye). Use a separate cotton pad for each eye. Soak dried crusts so that the animal does not hurt when you remove them.
We wash the cat's eyes: useful tips
Rinse if the kitten has swollen eyes and festering, should be carefully, taking care of its safety first. The pet will be nervous and pulled out during the procedure, so it should be well fixed (or use the help of the second person who will hold the animal). The best option is to swaddle the cat with a towel or diaper so that only the head remains on the outside. Stick to the following recommendations.
- Rinse each eye with a solution from a separate container.
- Twist the fleece with a tight tourniquet, dip it into a warm broth (medical solution), and squeeze it onto the festering eye of the animal.
- When the pet’s eyes are completely cleansed of purulent outflows, apply tetracycline ointment (1%) under the cat’s eyelid. To do this, pull the lower eyelid of the animal and, using a special scapula, lay the composition on its inner surface. Then completely close the cat’s eye and massage it gently. This will help the product to spread evenly. To further enhance the effect of applying the ointment, preheat the tube with it in your hands. But if the cat is very nervous, then applying the ointment under the eyelid is not worth it (this can lead to injury to the organ of vision).
How to instill a rotten eye in an animal?
If your pet's eyes are festering, drops can also be used for treatment. In this case, it is important to know which formulations are best used and how to properly carry out this procedure. To cure the cat’s organs of vision, various drops are used. for example:
- "diamond eye";
Even if the eye of the animal is very festering, you can help it with the help of drops, without leaving your home. Follow these guidelines to complete the procedure efficiently..
- Put the cat on its side, turn up its head.
- If your pet has a restless and violent character, it must be immobilized before instillation of the eyes. Use a large sheet or towel for swaddling.
- Bury the medicinal solution, slightly opening the pet's eye. During the procedure, hold the cat's face with his hand so that he does not shake it.
- When the medicinal composition enters the cat’s eyeball, it will blink, and thereby contribute to an even distribution of the drug over the entire surface of the eye.
- After instillation, blot the pet’s eye with a dry cloth or cotton pad.
Remember that the above manipulations with drops will not help cure the underlying disease, but will help relieve acute symptoms of suppuration of the eyes. If the visual organs of your cat are very festering, only an experienced veterinarian can cure this pathology. Cats eye treatment should be timely. Only under this condition can you save the eyesight of a pet.
There are some useful tips that will help prevent cat suppuration..
- Inspect your pet regularly; for prevention, visit the veterinarian’s office with a cat.
- Control your animal’s behavior while walking to prevent eye injuries.
- If the pet has an "explosive" character, walk it on the harness so that it does not fight with other cats. If the animal nevertheless enters into a fight with relatives, examine it carefully, treat the affected areas around the eye and on the rest of the body with hydrogen peroxide. If after a fight the cat has a rotten eye, be sure to rinse it with plain water or chamomile broth.
- Conduct deworming procedures in a timely manner. Worms not only harm the pet, but also poison its body with products of its own vital activity. And one of the signs of parasitism of helminths in the cat's body is suppuration of one or both eyes at once.
- In long-haired cats, for the purpose of prevention, it is necessary to cut the hair around the eyes. This will avoid unwanted discharge and become a good preventive measure against the formation of crusts.
- If the animal has an injured area around the eyes, and this leads to suppuration of the visual organ, the owner needs to control the behavior of the pet so that he does not comb the affected area with his paws. It is better to put on the pet Elizabethan collar, which is sold in a pet store (if desired, you can make it yourself).
Constant care of the pet, timely treatment of eye damage will help to avoid serious consequences of suppuration of the eyes.