Castration of a cat is a fairly common veterinary operation, the purpose of which is to rid the animal of the testes. Information about what it is, as well as what may be the consequences of castration of a cat and what to do after will be useful to those who own a kitten-boy.
Why is it necessary
The main reason why cats are castrated is the difficulty in keeping furry pets after they reach puberty. This age occurs at about 7 or 8 months. It was then that the first symptoms of sexual behavior begin to show up:
- a young cat begins to mark in the corners;
- screaming at night;
- fight with other cats.
A little later, he also begins to demand a meeting with cats. All this is usually very disliked by its owner, so he seeks to find a way how to do it so as to protect himself from such troubles. And usually the solution is to castrate.
Dates of the operation
Castration consists in the fact that males are removed from the testes in order to suppress reproductive functions and the corresponding behavior that is associated with their secretion of testosterone - the male sex hormone.
Here's what you need to know about when to perform an operation and what can be expected after that:
- A cat can be neutered at the age of 7 or 8 months, since it is at this time that full physiological puberty occurs, and it is precisely this age of the animal that is considered the most suitable and optimal for this veterinary event. During this period, a well-formed organism of a young animal can withstand pain-relieving anesthesia without much difficulty and consequences, and a complete lack of proximity with cats will make it more likely that the animal will not behave inappropriately after surgery.
- Cats should not be neutered even at a too young age (3-5 months from birth), because too early testicular deprivation negatively affects the overall development of the young cat’s body and causes serious pathology: urethral stricture. The consequence of this operation is that the urethra in them remains underdeveloped, that is, narrower than in a mature animal. Therefore, in cats that underwent early castration, the risk of urethral obstruction increases with the development of subsequent diseases of the urinary system.
- It is also necessary to refuse castration in the event that an adult pet is over 7 years old. For an old cat who has survived, and may even already have a serious illness of a cat, such a serious surgical intervention can end in very dire consequences - he is more likely to die from complications after surgery, since his unprepared body can not withstand the effects of lullative anesthesia. Naturally, in this case, the owner is best to do without castration.
- It is not scary to castrate cats over the age of 1 year, or even at a much older age. It is only natural that fluffy pets by this time have already fully grown, grown stronger, formed and, probably, managed to get to know more than one cat and even give birth to several descendants. But even in this case, it is quite possible to castrate them, if their owner really needs it. Especially it is necessary to do this when the animals almost constantly spend time at home and suffer greatly from too violent manifestations of their "love" instincts, which cause a lot of troubles and troubles to the owner.
The operation itself is performed under general anesthesia in veterinary clinics or at home. Animals just sleep and do not feel pain at all.
The testes are removed through a small incision in the skin above them, through which they are pulled or bandaged. After castration, the sutures are removed after 7 to 10 days.
What happens after surgery
The consequences after castration of cats are that after that they move less, do not rush around the house, do not scream and do not mark things with their smell. The consequences of the operation are also manifested by the fact that animals do not take part in street fights.
The consequences are also that they do not communicate with homeless cats, often sick with various diseases. Positive consequences are also considered that they do not disappear for days on the street and are not beaten by aggressive relatives.
The consequences of the intervention are also determined by the fact that animals do not feel stress because it is impossible to satisfy their sexual needs in full, and are insured against the development of oncology of the testicles and prostate - diseases that are characteristic of uncastrated cats.
The consequences of removing the testes is also a strong change in the behavior of the animal. After castration, the cat tends to become more docile, calmbalanced, non-aggressive and affectionate because testosterone is no longer in his body. The animal becomes more playful, cheerful, devotes more time to its owners.
The negative consequences of castration can be: burns and infections if the rules of the operation are not followed. Also, from the consequences of this event, the persistence of aggressive behavior in some cases and the fact that the animal can continue to label urine in the room can be noted.
One of the negative consequences of the operation is that over time such animals become excessively fat, which is not very good for their health.
To prevent this, the cat's diet after castration should be cut by 25% from the menu of the animal that has not undergone surgery. This is due to the natural slowdown in metabolism in animals after hormonal changes in their body. But such pets with good care live much longer than their relatives who have not undergone this operation.