Dirofen is an anthelmintic drug that is used to prevent and treat helminthic infestations in cats. The drug was developed by the domestic company Api-San, which specializes in the manufacture of veterinary drugs.
Dosage form and composition
Dirofen is produced in three dosage forms:
Suspension and paste for oral administration have an almost identical composition. The active components are praziquantel and pyrantel pamoate. Suspension and paste Dirofen 20 are for adult cats and kittens. The main difference between them is in auxiliary components and appearance. The suspension is a viscous liquid of a light yellow color, which is Packed in polymer bottles of 6 or 7 ml. The paste has a pasty consistency and is packaged in polymer dispensing syringes, which is very convenient for use. There are different packaging - 6 and 7 ml.
The active ingredients of the tablets are supplemented with febantel. They contain excipients:
- microcrystalline cellulose;
- calcium stearate;
- colloidal silicon dioxide.
Round tablets of light yellow color have two dividing grooves located at right angles to each other. They allow you to divide the tablet into 4 equal parts. Thanks to this, you can accurately measure the required amount of anthelmintic, even for small pets. Packed in tablets of 6 pieces. They are of two types:
- 120 mg for kittens;
- 200 mg are designed for adult cats.
The main difference between them is the concentration of active substances.
Note! The drug is available in several versions for cats and dogs. When buying, select Dirofen intended for cats or kittens, and carefully read the instructions for use to prevent overdose.
Dirofen is a complex anthelmintic drug. The drug is effective against different types of round and ribbon parasites. A wide range of its effects is due to the combined composition:
- Praziquantel increases the permeability of cell membranes, which leads to a reduction in musculature and death of parasites. The active substance not only destroys worms, but also contributes to their elimination from the body in a natural way. This eliminates the need to make cleansing enemas or give the animal laxatives. The maximum concentration in the blood reaches in just 1-3 hours, and the substance is eliminated from the body in a day.
- Pyrantel Pamoat practically not absorbed into the bloodstream. It effectively destroys worms in the intestines. The principle of its action is based on blocking the transmission of nerve impulses, which leads to paralysis and death of parasites. It is excreted from the body along with feces for the most part unchanged.
- Febantel differs in the principle of action, but not inferior to efficiency. The substance disrupts the energy processes of parasites, in particular the production of enzymes and the absorption of glucose - an energy source for any living organism. It is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream and metabolized in the liver, after which it penetrates the intestines along with bile.
The composition of the suspension and paste includes pumpkin seed oil, which has an anthelmintic effect. In addition, a component of natural origin improves stool and helps restore intestinal mucosa damaged by helminths.
Subject to the recommended doses, the anthelmintic agent does not cause embryotoxic and teratogenic effects, that is, it does not negatively affect the development of offspring. The components of the drug do not accumulate in the body and are not addictive even with frequent use.
When buying Dirofen for cats, please note that the price depends on the form of release:
- tablets of 120 mg, 6 pcs. - about 125 rubles .;
- 200 mg tablets, 6 pcs. - about 140 rubles .;
- paste for kittens and cats, 6 or 7 ml - about 165 rubles .;
- suspension for kittens or cats, 6 or 7 ml - about 180 rubles.
You can buy the medicine at any veterinary pharmacy or pet store, or you can order it on the Internet.
You can see the current price of the drug and buy it right here:
Indications for use
According to the instructions for use, Dirofen tablets, like other dosage forms of the medication, are prescribed to cats in the treatment of the following pathologies:
- mixed helminthic infestations.
Also, the medication can be used to prevent infection with internal parasites. To prevent the appearance of worms, deworming should be carried out quarterly. Anthelmintic is necessary not only for cats that spend a lot of time on the street (for example, when living in a private house), but also for pets that do not leave the apartment. Eggs or parasitic larvae can enter the pet's body through shoes, raw meat, household items, and in other ways.
Also, deworming should be carried out before each vaccination, since worms significantly reduce immunity. They secrete waste products that are toxic to the pet’s body. As a result, complications after vaccination may develop.
Instructions for use
For preventive purposes, an anthelmintic agent is given once every 3 months, as well as 10 days before each vaccination. With helminthic infestations, the drug is given once, and with severe infection, the procedure is repeated after 10 days. The dosage of the drug is calculated taking into account the weight of the animal and the dosage form of the medication:
- One 120 mg tablet is designed for 1 kg of animal weight, 200 mg - for 5 kg of weight. Smaller tablets are commonly used for kittens and small animals.
- 1 ml of suspension Dirofen 20 is calculated per 1 kg of weight.
- If you use Dirofen 20 paste for cats, then for every 1 kg of weight you will need 1 ml of medicine.
Give an anthelmintic agent should be in the morning feeding. The drug can be given forcibly (put the tablet on the root of the tongue, squeeze the suspension or paste from the syringe into the oral cavity) or mix with a small amount of food (canned food, minced meat, etc.). The tablet can be hidden in a piece of sausage or meat, depending on the preferences of the pet.
Note! It is not necessary to follow a starvation diet before using the medicine or give the animal laxatives.
It is advisable not to disrupt the use of the anthelmintic agent, especially during prophylaxis, since in this case its effectiveness decreases and the risk of infection with parasites increases.
Contraindications and side effects
Tablets, paste and suspension of Dirofen are not used for cats in such cases:
- with intolerance to the components;
- with exhaustion;
- with infectious diseases;
- during the rehabilitation period after surgery or a serious illness.
You can not give an anthelmintic to kittens up to 3 weeks of age. If the animal has chronic liver and kidney diseases, consult a doctor.
For pregnant cats, the drug is not used in the first half of pregnancy. The use of the medicine is possible only under the supervision of a doctor. It is allowed to carry out deworming 3 weeks before the expected birth and 2-3 weeks after the birth of kittens.
When using the drug, especially for the first time, increased salivation may be observed. In rare cases, vomiting or loose stools appears. Usually the symptoms go away on their own and do not require special treatment. When allergies occur, the animal is given an antiallergenic agent.
Dirofen is considered a safe anthelmintic, but with an overdose it can cause side effects:
- nausea and vomiting
- stomach upset;
- lack of appetite;
- depressed state;
- apathy, etc.
Marina, mistress of a 6 year old cat:
"Constantly worming our beauty, but the procedure is painful. Cramming the medicine into the mouth is another test. Once we tried to give Dirofen paste. It’s easy to dose the drug, but it’s difficult to feed the animal. Forcibly we didn’t (the cat spat it out). We decided to mix it with food, but she flatly refused to eat it. It’s difficult to judge the effectiveness of the drug, but I won’t buy it anymore. "
Andrey, owner of a 3-month-old kitten:
"We used the medicine in the form of a suspension to deworm the kitten. I ate it with the food without any problems. After more than a week I was treated with severe diarrhea. The next time I had to choose another drug, although the veterinarian spoke well about Dirofen."
Ulyana, veterinarian with 6 years of experience:
“Dirofen is a pretty good domestic antiparasitic drug. Of course, there are side effects, but compared to other similar drugs it’s relatively safe. I like it because it comes in several versions, and it’s easy to match the characteristics and age of the animal. Yes, and in pharmacies easy to find, even in small towns. "
Michael, a veterinarian with 12 years of experience:
“Pet owners usually recommend using imported anthelmintic drugs (Melbimax, Kanikvantel, Cestal, etc.). As practice shows, they are safer and better tolerated by animals. I don’t use medicines from domestic manufacturers in my practice, although I heard about Dirofen from clients feedback. "