Cat sterilization is a serious abdominal operation that requires careful preparation. The final result of the sterilization itself and the length of the recovery period depend on how accurately all the preparatory steps are completed. You can find out how to properly prepare the veterinarian. It is advisable that all questions be answered by a specialist who from the first days of life controls the state of health of this animal, but in practice this is not always possible.
The first and important step to preparation is the correct attitude and awareness of the owner of the pet, which is responsible for the life and condition of the cat. It is very important to carefully think through and foresee everything until the moment the animal goes to the clinic.
It should be remembered that sterilization is a surgical procedure that requires the exclusion of any disease at the time of the manipulation. Therefore, the first step will be the immunological protection of the pet, consisting in vaccination. Vaccinations must be done at least a month before the proposed sterilization. Only immunization will allow the pet to be relatively protected from possible infection with infectious diseases from other animals that are brought to the veterinary clinic and contact with which cannot always be excluded. Anesthesia and surgical intervention greatly reduces the body's defenses, so even a cat that usually has good health can catch any viral disease during surgery.
In some veterinary clinics, for those cats who for various reasons did not manage to be vaccinated in due time, they propose the introduction of an immune globulin that can reduce the risk of infectious diseases for two to three weeks so that the rehabilitation period is not so risky. Of course, such a method is better than a complete lack of immune preparation, but its reliability is much lower than the efficiency after classical sterilization.
Tests and examinations
In order to comprehensively prepare the cat for sterilization, it will be necessary to conduct a number of tests and examinations. Before them, the veterinarian must examine the animal, pay attention to its weight, size, age, temperature, respiration and other parameters. If the clinic staff has an anesthetist, then he must conduct a detailed examination.
Then the veterinarian will give directions to all the necessary examination methods that will help to determine if the cat can normally undergo anesthesia and surgical intervention.
Tests are necessary even if the animal looks completely healthy.
The main methods for examining a cat before this operation are as follows:
- General blood test and biochemistry analysis. These examinations will help to detect even hidden health problems, chronic inflammatory processes, abnormalities in the functions of internal organs and malfunctions of the immune system.
- ECHO of the heart. Allows you to diagnose the work of the cardiovascular system. It is especially important to complete this step before sterilizing the pet at an age or weakened by chronic diseases.
- X-ray, ultrasound and other tests. They may be needed if the pet was picked up from the street or previous examinations revealed problems with internal organs.
In some clinics with the most detailed sterilization approach, additional tests for HIV, panleukopenia and viral leukemia can be prescribed.
Analyzes are carried out at the optimum time - 3-6 days before sterilization. Before taking blood tests, the animal must be hungry, so it is better to carry them out on an empty stomach. Before other diagnostic procedures, special preparation may be required, which will be discussed in the clinic.
In advance, it will be necessary to purchase a postoperative blanket, which after sterilization will prevent the licking of wounds and pulling of surgical sutures from the sutures. The coddle should be of high quality, without protruding threads that the pet can swallow in the postoperative period.
Preparation before sterilization
Direct preparation begins the day before sterilization. It is necessary to give the cat a tool that will cause emptying of its intestines. Most often, Vaseline oil in a volume of 15 ml is used (a tablespoon). On the advice of a doctor, they can use a more serious laxative, and sometimes even perform an enema.
For 12 hours before surgery, you should stop feeding the animal, even if the cat is very persistent. This is a very important condition for preparation, which is aimed at making the animal easier to undergo anesthesia.
Three hours before sterilization, you can give a few sips of water, after which in the drinking regime there is a pause until the surgical intervention. It is necessary to track that all sources of water for the pet are inaccessible. The presence of water in the stomach can lead to involuntary vomiting during anesthesia, which often causes choking.
On the day of surgery
You will need to take the necessary things to the clinic. Often a list with a list of everything necessary for preparation is given in a veterinary clinic, but if such a list has not been issued, it is better to record everything in advance under the dictation of a doctor or administrator.
- veterinary passport;
- carrying with a removable or convertible top, where the animal can lie on its stomach;
- a sterile diaper, which will need to be laid to the bottom during transportation of the cat from the clinic home;
- a blanket for sheltering the pet, as during anesthesia the body temperature drops sharply, and it is important to protect the animal from hypothermia;
- wipes or additional diapers in order to wipe the vomit if vomiting occurs;
- medicines, if indicated by the veterinarian.
A heating pad can be useful, which the nurse can apply to the hind legs of the animal if necessary. But in some clinics they use only their disinfected heating pads.
It must be remembered that the best option is if the pet all the time until the final exit from anesthesia will remain under the supervision of specialists in a veterinary clinic. This can protect her from many unjustified risks during transportation home in an unconscious state.
You should not take everything with you before sterilization in case the animal has to stay in the hospital after surgery for a while. If necessary, everything you need can be brought later, and extra fees will only take time and make unnecessary fuss.
Although sterilization is a rather complicated operation, it is important for the owner to know that his internal anxiety is transmitted to the animal. Therefore, you should realize that the right preparation can prevent most of the possible problems and inspire confidence in the successful completion of the case.
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