Pyometra in dogs

Often, diseases of the reproductive system in animals go unnoticed. The pet will not complain where exactly it hurts. But there are diseases that carry a danger to the life of a whisker. one of these is the pyometer in dogs - purulent inflammation of the uterine mucosa. Without timely detection, as well as proper treatment, you can lose your beloved four-legged friend.

For what reasons does a pyometer develop in dogs? What symptoms are typical for her? What therapy is needed for purulent inflammation of the uterine mucosa?

Reasons for the development of pyometers

The reason for the development of pyometers in dogs is one - hormonal imbalance, against which the reproduction of pathogenic microflora (pathogenic bacteria) is activated.

The hormonal background is violated both during puberty (before the onset of the first estrus), and during the estrus itself. Contributing factors can be tumors, inflammatory processes of the reproductive system, giving hormonal drugs (even a single giving can provoke changes in the body).

Few people think that it is drugs that "muffle" the hunt, suppress the desire in animals to reproduce, and are impetus for disturbing the hormonal background.

Sometimes the cause of pyometers is excessive progesterone production. This hormone is responsible for maintaining pregnancy, breast growth. In a non-pregnant female, it should not be produced, however, if ovarian diseases are noted, then its jump is recorded. As a result, mucus begins to form in the uterus, the organ is stretched, and the cervix closes (as in attachment). Mucus is an ideal breeding ground for bacteria. So there is pus.

Often, a pyometer in dogs develops after childbirth, when the uterine mucosa is injured, which facilitates the entry of microorganisms into it.

Risk factors

  • Frequent pregnancy
  • False fraud
  • The absence of pregnancies in the history of the animal in general
  • Pathological birth
  • Overweight
  • Age over 4 years
  • Not sterilized bitch
  • Ovarian disease
  • Endometritis (uterine inflammation)
  • Poor keeping or feeding conditions

Symptoms of pyometers

Before discussing what symptoms pyometra in dogs are most often recorded, we will understand what forms are.

Open form

Diagnosing it is easier than a closed form. Therefore, the owners quickly notice that the mustache has purulent endometritis. The open form is characterized by impaired digestion (vomiting, diarrhea) due to intoxication. Thirst also increases due to dehydration (especially if diarrhea and vomiting are severe). An increase in body temperature is recorded, as with any purulent inflammation. The animal is weak, loss of appetite and desire to go for walks, weight begins to fall.

But here's what the owner of the animal will definitely notice when the pyometers are open - purulent discharge (greenish, yellowish, with streaks of blood) with an unpleasant odor from the genital tract. The dog will constantly lick, because these secretions will cause her discomfort.

Closed form

When closed, the cervix will be closed. Pus that has accumulated inside the uterus will not go outside, so it will not be so easy to notice any discharge from the genital tract. the main symptoms with a closed form of pyometers in a dog will be an increase in body temperature over 40 degrees, a swollen abdomen due to accumulated pus. Amid the fever, the gait will change (it will become shaky), the dog will be weak, lethargic, refuse food, will lie more and whine.

Some owners, seeing that the dog’s stomach has begun to increase and the appetite has changed, begin to think that little puppies will appear in the house soon. However, with careful (otherwise it is possible to provoke a rupture of the organ and the outflow of pus into the abdominal cavity), palpation of the abdomen, it is felt that inside the liquid contents. The pet will begin to whine, worry, in every possible way to pretend that it hurts.

Closed form is the most dangerous. In some cases, she can kill a four-legged friend in less than a day. Therefore, if you notice changes in behavior and well-being for the animal, immediately contact your veterinarian.

Dog treatment

Treatment of a dog with a pyometer starts immediately after confirming the diagnosis. To make a diagnosis, it is enough for a veterinarian to collect an anamnesis of life and illness, feel the stomach and examine the vagina, and also take a smear from the cervical canal to detect purulent inclusions. An ultrasound examination of the pelvis is performed to determine the degree of damage. It is on the basis of his veterinary specialist who decides to resort to a medical or surgical method of treatment.

Unfortunately, they rarely resort to medication. Only with open form at the initial stage. The veterinarian will prescribe a course of antibiotics. And at the end of therapy, he will definitely conduct a re-examination. Surely recommends sterilizing the bitch to avoid relapse.

Most often resort to surgical intervention. Removing the uterus and ovaries helps keep the animal alive. Even after the operation to remove the pyometers, the dog is prescribed antibiotics without fail. A veterinarian will have to observe some period to rule out complications (kidneys could be injured if the disease was left untreated for a long time). Any complications after the operation to remove the pyometers in dogs should not occur, if you follow all the recommendations of your doctor.

Prevention pyometers

  1. The simplest prevention is to sterilize the animal (and not just remove the ovaries, but also the uterus itself). But if the bitch is not sterilized, then it is necessary to remember about the risk group. These pets must be taken to the veterinarian for preventive examinations and examinations.
  2. Take care of proper feeding. Enrich your diet with vitamins and minerals. Balance on proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
  3. Do not forget about regular walks (at least 2 times a day). Try to comply with the regime.
  4. Do not give hormonal drugs without consulting a veterinarian. Neither to suppress hunting and estrus, much less during pregnancy.
  5. Protect your pet from contact with extraneous animals (especially homeless), which can infect your pet, especially during estrus, when the cervical canal is open. Keep an eye on the animal’s hygiene, avoid contamination and knocking down wool in coats.
  6. If the bitch gives birth, then provide her with sterile conditions. The bedding on which it will be kept must be clean. And after childbirth, immediately throw away so that bacteria from it do not get into the genital tract. Be sure to show the dog to the veterinarian after giving birth (even if you have not noticed any pathologies).

You can also ask a question to the staff veterinarian of our site who will answer them as soon as possible in the comment box below.

Watch the video: The Emergency Pyometra in Dogs: Risks, Symptoms + Treatment (January 2020).