The Old English Bulldog is an extinct English dog breed in the 19th century that was re-restored at the end of the 20th century in America. As conceived by David Lavitt, the author of the breed, his updated bulldog should have the appearance and health of old English dogs, but be less aggressive. The breed has not yet been recognized by the International Cynological Federation.
David Levitt began his work on the restoration of Old English bulldogs in 1971, when he became disillusioned with modern English bulldogs and found that they did not look like their ancestors, either in appearance or in health. The basis was taken paintings, prints, books and statuettes of bulldogs of the 17-19 centuries. In his work, he used a linebreeding scheme developed for cattle at Ohio State University. As for the source breeds, these were mainly those that carried the blood of Old English bulldogs: the English Bulldog, the American Bulldog, the Bullmastiff, the American Pit Bull Terrier.
The Old English Bulldog arose in England between the 17-18th century. He was bred to fight dogs and bulls. During its existence, gave rise to many other breeds. Since 1835, British laws have banned bloody sports and English bulldogs have become unclaimed. They almost completely disappeared, and the remaining ones turned into a modern English bulldog with short legs and an extremely brachycephalic skull.
In 1993, David Lavitt established the Old English Bulldog Association (Olde english bulldogge association (OEBA)). To this day, she is the parent club of the breed and continues to register puppies. In 1995, there were already two lines in the 8th and 9th generation. Since then, mating with other breeds has been prohibited.
To avoid confusion, the newly restored Old English Bulldog is written with honors in English - Olde english bulldogge. Spelling of an extinct Old English bulldog - Old english bulldog.
It is worth noting that in parallel with the restoration of the breed breeders were engaged in other countries of the world. Most lines were later renamed by the name of the breeder. So did Mr. Lavitt. He renounced the chairmanship of the OEBA, gave the dogs of his line the name of the Lavitt Bulldogs and formed the Leavitt bulldog association (LBA). Since then, the breeders have been divided into two camps: some continue to breed Old English bulldogs and register them with the OEBA, others follow Leviticus and call their dogs Leviticus Bulldogs. There are two standards. In turn, the United Cynological Union (UKC), which is more significant in the cynological world, sees in both dogs the Old English Bulldog (newly created). Further confusion is likely to be avoided only when the breed is recognized by the American Cynological Association (AKC) or the International Cynological Federation (FCI).
Old English Bulldog (newly created) is a well-balanced, proportionate dog of medium size, great strength. Sexual dimorphism is pronounced. Males weigh 27-36 kg with a height of 43-50 cm.; bitches - 22-32 kg with a height of 40-48 cm. Mandatory for the Old English Bulldog is the correct muscle tone and endurance.
The Old English Bulldog (newly created) is a more active, fun and healthy remake of the 17th century bulldog.
The skull is large, large, proportional. The muzzle is square, deep and wide. Stop noticeable. The lower jaw is moderately curved back. Bite straight or snack. The nose is wide with a vertical line between the nostrils from the tip of the lobe to the lower part of the upper lip, black. The eyes are almond-shaped, medium in size, set wide apart, flush with the apex of the muzzle; the color is dark or light brown. The eyelids are pigmented in black. Ears are set high, wide, small in size, fold in the shape of a rose, button or tulip.
Yes, at this stage in the development of the breed, the "updated" Old English Bulldogs are very diverse.
The neck is of medium length, slightly curved extends to the shoulders, with a double suspension. The shoulders are wide, the elbows are not turned outward or inward, the bone is medium. Forelegs straight, with strong metacarpals. The rear is well muscled, slightly longer than the front, when viewed from the back, straight and parallel. Paws are rounded, with well-arched toes, strong. The case is rectangular. The chest is deep, wide. The top line rises above the lower back. The tail is usually straight, tapering to the tip, kept lowered or carried to the level with the back line. In an excited state, it can hold upright, but does not curl on its back.
The coat is dense, short, adheres well to the body, and is shiny. Colors are color, including brindle or solid: white, fawn, red, with or without white. Disqualifying colors: blue, black, black and tan, red, liver, albinism.
Nature and behavior
Old English Bulldog is courageous, decisive, but not overly aggressive. Generally friendly to people, affectionate with family, confident, somewhat phlegmatic. It has a pronounced watchdog instinct. In extreme cases, it is capable of protection. He is very attached to the family, reliable and obedient. It gets along well with other animals, including dogs, cats, small pets, poultry and livestock. In general, the temperament of the Old English Bulldog can be called balanced. One cannot but note such qualities as courage, willpower, stubbornness, cunning, and the desire for domination to varying degrees.
With good socialization, it gets along well with young children. Due to its energy and high weight, it can accidentally push a baby, so the games of the dog and child should be under the control of adults. In addition, it is not recommended to walk an adult bulldog to a child or teenager who could not cope with him.
The Old English Bulldog is designated as a working dog, an excellent companion for active people and playing sports.
The Old English Bulldog is hardy and agile, with an athletic physique, but not as much as, for example, Amstaff or Bull Terrier. Well suited for moderately active and power sports: wave pulling, spring floor.
Parenting and training
Given the loyal nature of the English bulldog (newly created), contact and the desire to please the owner, one can expect that education and training will not cause great difficulties. Nevertheless, this breed is not recommended for people without experience or for those who are not ready to seriously study the issue of training, and if necessary, consult an experienced dog handler. Good socialization and a basic obedience course are required.
Start bulldog training as early as possible. It is important that the owner shows himself as a leader and then does not give up this place to the dog. One cannot expect from a bulldog such a level of obedience and dexterity as from Malinois. He is too independent for this and prefer to be a companion rather than a subordinate.
In the middle lane, the Old English Bulldog is more suitable for home than for street maintenance. It is possible to keep in the apartment, if it is possible to provide the dog with sufficient physical activity. Potential owners should consider that Old English bulldogs are slobbering dogs. Shedding is moderate. One of the favorite pastimes of the Levitt Bulldogs is to nibble something. And not only in puppyhood. Therefore, it is important to provide them with a sufficient number of safe toys.
The level of energy and endurance of a dog is largely dependent on training. Old English Bulldog requires moderate physical activity, daily walking with the possibility of games and free running. A “couch” lifestyle will certainly lead to health problems and behavior. Reinforced loads mean jogging or on a treadmill, swimming, and more. Puppies, until they achieve full physical development (by about 1.5-2 years), are not recommended for training or heavy sports.
English bulldogs do not require complicated care. Grooming comes down to standard procedures for the care of shorthair breeds:
- Once a week, the hair is combed with a special mitten or a thick brush. Somewhat more often during seasonal molting;
- Full bath with shampoo is shown once every 2-3 months;
- Regularly inspect the ears, folds of the skin and eyes, which are important to keep dry and clean;
- Dental brushing is recommended, but special dental problems in the breed are not observed.
After vigorous walks, it is advisable to completely examine the dogs for cuts on the pads of the paws and other injuries. Due to the high pain threshold, bulldogs rarely let you know about minor injuries, but they must be treated on time.
Feeding can be natural or ready-made dry feed. It is important to pay attention to the quality and composition of the diet, especially during the growth and development of the puppy. Be sure to give additives for the proper development of the musculoskeletal system. In addition, the diet should contain a sufficient amount of protein food (at least 1/3), which is necessary for the formation of muscles and maintaining it in good shape.
The diet and feeding regimen should be designed in such a way as to minimize the risk of stomach twisting.
Health and Life Expectancy
The Old English Bulldog (newly created) does not suffer from the health problems that are characteristic of the English Bulldog (various breathing problems, intolerance to heat and cold, difficulty in mating and childbirth). But it cannot be called an absolutely healthy breed yet. Recently, dogs began to register some hereditary diseases:
- Hip dysplasia;
- Elbow dysplasia
- High risk of stomach upset.
Unlike the modern English bulldog, Old English ones mate independently and usually give birth themselves too. They have a well-expressed maternal instinct. There are usually 3-12 puppies in a litter. Life expectancy is 10-11 years.
Selection of a puppy of the Old English Bulldog breed (newly created)
The main population of Old English bulldogs is concentrated in America. But every year more and more nurseries appear in Europe (Denmark, Hungary, Great Britain). In Russia, several breeders are breeding a rare breed. One of the first nurseries appeared in Moscow.
Breeding Old English Bulldogs is a very complex and extensive topic. Competent selection of breeding pairs is important here, as the livestock still retains high variability in type, pedigree accounting and health screening. One of the breeder’s tasks is to avoid the catastrophe that happened with the English Bulldog, who has a shortness of breath after a 30 second run.
It is almost impossible to find puppies for sale on the Internet. Litters are usually planned and most puppies are booked before birth. When buying, the breeder must provide documents of descent from one of the organizations registering Old English Bulldogs, tests for dysplasia of the hip and elbow joints are welcome (an X-ray taken at the age of not earlier than 24 months). The puppy must be strong and healthy. Be sure to evaluate the psyche and behavior of the parents, or at least the mother. Vetpasport confirms the availability of treatments for parasites and vaccinations made by age.
In America, the price of a puppy of an Old English bulldog from a kennel usually ranges from 2000-3000 dollars, in some cases it reaches 8,000. In Russia, kids usually cost from 60,000 rubles. The price of pedigree puppies of the Old English Bulldog with good data and prospects can exceed 100,000 rubles.
In the photos presented in the gallery, you can see how the newly created Old English Bulldog looks like. The last image is a painting by Philip Reinagl (1790), which depicts an Old English bulldog of that time.