The question why dogs love or dislike people has not worried humanity for centuries. Since the answer was unequivocal, love! Love, fidelity, and dedication of dogs are devoted to stories, songs, poems ...
In recent years, this very issue has become a new trend. People sharply doubted a number of issues:
- Do dogs feel like humans?
- Can dogs experience a sense of love?
- How exactly do dogs like?
Following the popular masses, dog handlers, zoopsychologists and even veterinarians became interested in these issues. However, how can a person reason about the feelings of an animal when he cannot fully grasp the feelings of another person? To study the issue, they chose the original method: people talk about their feelings for pets, as if trying them on dogs ... trying to draw conclusions what exactly gets the two-legged and four-legged from specific emotions.
The strongest emotions are pain and fear, people experience when thinking about losing a pet. Many people have to see the death of their ward on the veterinary table. A man needs to gather all his strength into a fist and lead the dog over the rainbow, no matter how painful and scary it may be. The owner needs to concentrate, not to show fear and pain, so as not to agitate the pet on its deathbed. It is at these moments that most dog lovers realize how much they loved their dog, and how much she loved them.
Note! Psychologists are inclined to believe that animals, even as intelligent as dogs, are not able to experience love in full.
Not so, the world was perplexed by a stunning find. During excavations in Belgium, archaeologists discovered the remains of canids, whose age exceeds 30 thousand years! To which genus these dogs belong is still unknown. No one knows how wild and dangerous those four-legs were, but the fact that these animals lived on the planet in such antiquity does not give rest to many experts.
The intrigue escalated after receiving the first expert conclusions. The found remains did not belong to the wolves, but to the dogs. The conclusion is made after studying the jaws and the teeth themselves. The jaw apparatus of the wolf is adapted for crushing bones, ancient dogs had more modest-sized teeth. Nobody can prove this, but the conclusions suggest a high probability that the animals to which these remains belonged were domesticated by humans or lived in symbiosis with larger predators.
Prior to this stunning discovery, it was believed that dogs were domesticated 10-12 thousand years ago. Sometimes called dates up to 15 thousand years. It is known that dogs were indispensable for people, because in different territories they were used for food and for:
- Making clothes.
- Transportation of goods.
- Security and protection.
- For hunting.
With the help of dogs, people were executed in some countries, many tetrapods guarded slaves and prisoners. Dogs served as goods and exchange currency. At some periods, the four-legged were worshiped, at others, they were feared. Not the last place dogs took in religion, and in some countries, they play this role to this day. The photo below is a mosaic from the time of the Roman Empire.
It is believed that in ancient times people were not humane to dogs and in most cases, this is confirmed by facts. However, there are also proven cases of the opposite, for example, they mourned for dogs, as for people. In some countries, for four-legged separate cemeteries were assigned, and the funeral was held with honors. Emperors and kings severely punished those who were cruel with dogs and this is not the whole list.
Dogs became fashionable much later than humanity developed in humans. Even in the XVI-XVII centuries, the barbaric habits of mankind can be horrified. The main question is what has kept the four-legged (as companions) near their owners for all these centuries? Why did the dogs pass all trials alongside humanity and remain faithful?
It is customary to say that people love with their hearts, but is that so? It has long been proved thatthe feeling of love is the result of a chemical reaction in the human brain. No matter how cynical it may sound, the joy, feelings, fear and pain brought to thousands of people are just emotions, not physiology. Emotions are caused by the reaction of nerve receptors to chemicals, including hormones that the hypothalamus (part of the brain) synthesizes.
For dogs, studies have shown a similar dependence of feelings on the hypothalamus. For example, when a pet is near the owner, its nerve endings in the brain actively interact with the help of a neurotransmitter dopamine which gives the individual a sense of relaxation and happiness.
There is an opposite opinion! Some experts believe that dogs are opportunists at the physiological level. Simply put, pets have for centuries learned to wag their tails, smile and roll their eyes for the sake of encouragement. However, the question arises, how to explain the love of dogs to poor owners? "Bad" in the truest sense of the word? Why do dogs love people who beat them, starve them, drive them outside, take them out for a dozen kilometers? For what, do pets stay next to tyrant owners? Not for the sake of profit - this is obvious.
Of course, dogs are dependent on the attention, affection and praise of a person, or rather, most of the dogs. There are a number of breeds (including semi-wild and native), characterized full autonomy that is, if the puppy had grown up with his mother, matured and matured, he would have been able to live further without a man. Tame experiments on an African hyena dog last for decades. Scientists have proven that these four-legged dogs, not wolves, not jackals, not foxes. Animals respond to communication, willingly accept food from people, but remain wild ... why? Perhaps they are not so dependent on emotions on the part of people?
What kind of dog love is she?
The fact that animals feel similarly to humans has not been accepted for a very long time. People resisted because they had to admit that for centuries they had been killing and exploiting sentient, intelligent, loving creatures. Skeptics still laugh at the humanization of animals ... but in vain.
Why do dogs love people? A very interesting question that cannot be answered. Like people, animals love in spite of everything ... and not for the sake of self-interest. Begging for cookies is not love, but manipulation, it must be distinguished.
How do dogs love people? Another hypothetical question that has no answer. His background is very simple. After different types of aggression were identified, experts began to look for different types of love in the dog. The studies were unsuccessful. The results showed that The physiological reaction of a healthy and beloved dog to the owner is always the same - happiness and relaxation.
The last argument, which is easy to debunk, having basic dog communication skills, is savagery. Indeed, four-legged people living on the streets, in shelters or in poor conditions begin to run wild and afraid of people. This fact disputes the unconditional love of dogs for two-legs, but it's not so simple. In this case, we are talking about socialization and life experience. Unlike humans, dogs can quickly rebuild their habits. The four-legged psyche is more flexible than in humans and less vulnerable. The experience of thousands of owners shows that from once wild dogs, after a short period of rehabilitation, excellent, loving companions are obtained.