What associations do you have when you hear the name of the Noble Royal Porcelain Hound breed? Yes, this name speaks for itself and draws in the minds of a noble, proud, incredibly beautiful dog. A more familiar breed name, Porselen is abbreviated and translates as "porcelain". Grace and nobility of these dogs are very significant character traits. A dog of this breed is not suitable for beginners and maintenance in the apartment. Porselen puppies cost a lot of money.
It is interesting! The first name of the breed was far from magnificent. The porcelain was called the Upper Burgundian potters (at the place of origin).
Dog breed Porselen recognized the oldest in France. Representatives of the breed retained their incredible appearance from the time of their inception. By the way, the noble and royal are only regalia, and the porcelain hound is a description of appearance. The hair of these dogs lies very smoothly, “softly” and shines like porcelain. In the royal courts, these dogs were admired as works of art.
The history of the breed is dotted with spaces. According to one version, the Noble Porcelain Hounds came from the cross of hunting dogs from the territories of Ancient Greece, medieval Switzerland and England. It is known that during the development of the fashion for hounds in England, Porselenov was crossed with the best representatives of hunting breeds.
The first mention of Porselen as an independent and a separate breed dated to the XV century. The breed was bred in France, for the first time breeding work was carried out in the closed territories of monasteries. At that time, Bloodhounds (Dogs of St. Hubert) had already gained their popularity, and Porselen "conceived" as a variety of this breed, but with a porcelain-white color.
Circumstances turned out differently, and Porselen was bred into a separate breed. In addition, strict rules stood in the way of innovative breeders, as light-colored puppies of Bloodhounds were recognized as marriage. During the time of Porselenov breeding, low-quality litters were destroyed, so the enthusiasts faced a very difficult task. The breeders did not have “genetic material” with which to begin work.
Starting from scratch, the breeders managed to get light-colored dogs similar to Bloodhound. The problem was that the first Porselenes were beautiful, but weak in work. At a time when the dog was valued for its ability to help in fishing, the role of a parasite did not bode well. Representatives of the breed were lucky, because their incredible appearance was noticed by the upper layers of society. The breeding activity was taken under guardianship, and at the same time, the issue of feeding and keeping dogs lost its urgency.
Having fixed the exterior in the gene pool, the breeders began work to improve the working skills of the breed. Only in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries did Porselen speak of it as a working and rather capable breed. Porcelain hound dog shone on a royal hunt, drove a hare and even a roe deer. The joy of the upper layers of society knew no bounds, because, in addition to the status of a good hunter, the presence of Porselen in the pack spoke of the wealth of the owner.
It took several decades to hone the potters' skills. More and more talked about Porcelain Hounds the breed was valued for malice, ruthlessness and endurance. Porselenov began to be used to work on wild boar and other large game, to characterize as serious dogs who intend to work in any weather and despite the difficulties.
Demand for the breed and its status have led to obstacles in the increase in livestock. Porcelain dogs could have only a select few. As you know, the merciless French revolution spared only a few. Unfortunately, the noble Porselen were almost destroyed. After the revolution, French dog handlers seriously engaged in the restoration of the breed. Over 10 years, the population of the breed managed to significantly increase, but the shadow of post-revolutionary damage hung over the Porselens for another half a century.
In the homeland of the breed, in France, in the 70s of the XX century, a breed club was created. I must say that the work of the breeders was very successful. The increase in the number of breeds pleases fans today, however, the prevalence of Porselenov is very mediocre. Porcelain hounds can be found in France, Italy and Switzerland.
Porselen is a working, very powerful and proportionate dog. The noble appearance is emphasized by incredible grace, and despite its dimensions, sophistication. It was not for nothing that they admired the Porcelain Hounds as works of art; they are truly irresistible. Wool, white, thin, lying hair to the hair deserves special attention. The color and coat is almost the main aspect of the breed standard, that is, the thoroughbred of the dog.
Bitches and males are distinguished by behavior in everyday life. On hunting, heterosexual dogs are equally stubborn, spiteful and hardy. Bitches have a softer look, but do not become less noble or supple from this. The dimensions of the Porcelain hound fluctuate within the following limits:
- Male growth: 55-58 cm.
- Bitch growth: 53-56 cm.
- Weight of dogs and bitches: 26-29 kg. When evaluating weight, priority is given to dogs with a more harmonious and proportional physique.
By the standard of the breed, the character of the dogs is evaluated no less strictly than the exterior. In everyday life Porselin withcalm, balanced and very noble. In a state of excitement, representatives of the breed are very dexterous, impulsive and interested. Persistent in hunting, fearless and tireless. Each representative of the breed has incredible voice data, their barking is more like a jagged, loud and a little frightening howl.
- Head - very harmonious, elongated, wide in the cranial part. The nape is well developed and distinguished. The cranial part is divided by a furrow, almost flat. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is smooth and smooth. The back of the nose is quite long, even and only approaching the nose, rises in a small hump.
- Teeth - very powerful, complete and scissor bite.
- Nose - wide, large, with open oval nostrils.
- Eyes - rounded, expressive, large, not recessed, set not too wide. Pigmentation of the iris varies in brown tones, but the preference is given to a saturated brown-orange color.
- The ears - long and wide, lowered, low set. The ear cartilage is thin and flexible, slightly curved, the ends of the ears harmoniously pointed.
- Body - strong, proportional and slightly stretched format. It is important that in the folding of the hound a balance of the length of the body and the volume of the chest is observed, the dog should be able to run for a long time without experiencing oxygen starvation. The neck is not too wide, muscular, oval, rather long and muscular. A scruff and a withers are expressed, shoulders are developed and powerful. The sternum is wide, deep, the false ribs are slightly bent and raised. The back is short, even, strong, turning into a very strong lower back and neatly beveled croup. The groin line is neat but not dry.
- Limbs - smooth, fairly long, oval in girth, should not look damp or overloaded. Shoulders are wide, well developed, elbows are directed back. The forepaws from the elbow and below are almost sheer, the metatarsals are slightly sloping, but not sagging. Hips with dry muscles, not too long. The hock joints are strong, not lowered and not raised, directed strictly back. The brushes are assembled into lumps, loose fingers are a serious flaw and an indicator of bone weakness.
- Tail - thick, strong, resembling an elastic whip. It is carried freely at the level of the spine or slightly higher. In the state of excitement, there is a small saber-like bend.
Type of coat and color
Porselen's skin is elastic, gathers in a graceful gimbal, on the body is moderately tight. The outer hair is very thick, thin, soft. Particular attention is paid to assessing the structure of the hairline by fit, the coat should not be bristled or look heterogeneous.
Porcelain hound coloring white with red marks. The spots may be randomly spaced, although symmetrical markings on the ears are preferred. In puppies, the spots may be cream, with the age of the dog they darken. On the ears in adults, fairly intensely colored spots with a red tint are allowed.
Character and training
The Noble Porcelain Hound is a dog with a balanced, but very self-sufficient disposition. You need to understand that Porselin on hunting and at home are two different animals. In the field, the dog is malleable, very contact, prone to work in a group and the result. At home, Porselen was stately and stubborn, but very faithful. In anger, this dog is ruthless, and in a state of aggression it falls only on the hunt or with the protection of the family.
Despite a languid look and calm behavior, the Porselen dog is very active, requiring daily and very serious workloads. Representatives of the breed do not tolerate monotony, they need tasks not only for the body, but also for the mind. In training, Porselen is wayward, he can only execute a command so that he is left behind, but not obey outside training.
Important! Porselin needs not only loads, but also specific exercises to strengthen the bone and muscle corset.
Porcelain hounds are very attached to the owners and do not tolerate separation. Buying a puppy of this breed is a huge responsibility for the next 13-15 years. Porselena is undesirable to leave with strangers on vacation or business trips, so be careful about your strengths and capabilities.
The character of this four-legged is too tough for a beginner. In dog training, education and socialization, the owner must be tough and persistent, but without the slightest hint of infringement or humiliation. The royal dog is reticulated, able to remember an unkind attitude and ... able to repay with the same coin.
Maintenance and care
Porcelain hounds are unpretentious in content, but are categorically not suitable for an apartment. The dog should be able to run every day and run a lot, plenty, until it gets tired. In addition to walking on his own site, Porselen needs to develop a new territory. Believe me, if you do not take your pet out, he will find an opportunity to walk without you. Unlike most hunting breeds, Porselin guards his territory and it is better not to joke with his defense skills.
Does a white dog need a frequent bath? No, absolutely, Porselina needs to be bathed 2-3 times a year and not more often. If the pet was smashed in dirt, it is wiped and cleaned with a stiff brush. In a healthy dog, the coat and skin are protected by a lubricant that repels dust and protects the dog from getting wet. Porselen’s only weakness is his ears, but we’ll talk about this below.
Porcellin's average life span ranges from 13-15 years old. Purebred dogs are small in number and their genetic defects cannot be statistically studied. In general terms, Porselen is considered a healthy breed, averse to serious ailments (subject to decent care, maintenance and feeding).
Due to physique, the representatives of the breed are characterized by injuries of the musculoskeletal system. Joint dislocations and sprains are common, so Porselen needs regular, strengthening workouts. Dysplasia in representatives of the breed also happens, but so far it is considered acquired, and not a hereditary ailment.
Again, due to the physique, Porselins are prone to the rapid development of ear infections, in other words, otitis media of various nature and intensity. Care for the dog’s ears should be given special attention, since mild inflammation progresses very quickly. In old age, if the dog suffered otitis media or suffers from this ailment in a chronic form, there is a high probability of developing hearing problems.
Important! Porselins are sensitive to narcotic (anesthesia) and other strong medications. Some owners noted that their pets were difficult to tolerate vaccination, despite proper preparation.