Thanks to the acute sense of smell, the dogs distinguish subtle smells, fragrances that are elusive to humans, studying the world around them. On walks, due to curiosity, third-party objects that interfere with normal breathing often fall into the nostrils of a pet. What to do and how to properly help the dog?
Foreign bodies in the nose of a dog
In the nostrils of dogs for a walk, during active games, often inhaled by third-party objects - moths, small pebbles, earth, particles of toys, spines, seeds, thorns of plants, insects, other small rubbish.
Foreign objects can enter not only the dog's sinuses, but also other parts of the respiratory tract, which can lead to serious disturbances in the respiratory system.
Important! A dog’s nose is not only an indicator of the well-being and health of our smaller brothers, but also a very important organ to which dog owners should pay attention.
A foreign body can enter the nasal passages of the dog, during eating (small bones, food particles, feed granules), vomiting if the animal choked, as well as due to injuries to the skull and nose.
Note that shortness of breath can be caused by the entry of ecto-endoparasites into the nasal passages of the dog, especially if the dog is infected with helminths that parasitize the respiratory tract (pulmonary worms).
How to understand that a dog has a foreign body in its nose
Among the symptoms, we note:
- difficulty breathing irregularly;
- the appearance of shortness of breath;
- outflows from the nose, eyes of a different nature;
- change in heart rate;
- pallor, cyanosis of the mucous membranes;
- nausea, decreased appetite;
- frequent sneezing, bouts of dry cough, choking;
- swelling of the nose, head;
- redness of the mucous membranes of the eyes;
- violation of periods of sleep, wakefulness;
- nose bleed.
If there is a foreign body in the nostrils, the dog will be anxious in any case. Dogs are irritated, rubs their nose with their paws, rubs their muzzle on furniture, and inadequately reacts to irritants. Some dogs are reluctant to make contact, sluggishly execute commands, refuse outdoor games.
If a small object with a smooth surface gets into the dog’s nose, the dog’s condition does not change for several days. In this case, in any case, the attentive owner will notice deviations in the behavior of the pet, as foreign bodies make breathing difficult, cause discomfort.
Than dangerous foreign bodies in the nose of animals
A foreign body, which is inhaled, irritates the respiratory mucosa during ingestion in the dog’s nasal passages and can cause acute inflammation, which, if no help is given, will become chronic.
Due to the constant exposure, irritation of the mucosa, an inflammatory reaction leads to the development of a persistent pain symptom, severe discomfort, which occurs not only during breathing. The dog’s nose swells, purulent abundant discharge appears, sinusitis develops, and granulation tissue grows.
Over time, the sharpness of the scent decreases. In critical severe cases, loss of smell, intoxication due to oxygen starvation, severe pain, general, rapidly progressing deterioration are possible. Therefore, to avoid irreversible processes, try to remove a third-party object from the nose of the pet as soon as possible or contact your veterinarian immediately.
What to do if a foreign object gets into the dog’s nose
Noticing that the dog started coughing, sneezing, clearing his throat, examine the dog’s nostrils in good light. Small objects (blades of grass, small pebbles, seeds of plants, other rubbish) can, of course, with experience, be extracted independently. You need to act very carefully so as not to damage the nasal mucosa, not push the outside body into the nasal passages.
As a rule, dogs themselves try to get rid of foreign bodies in the nose, but if the pet needed help:
- Calm and fix the dog well.
- If the subject is small, instill a warm saline solution in the nostrils and rinse the dog’s nose. After the procedure, the dog will begin to sneeze and the third-party body will come out on its own.
- If this does not happen, disinfect the tweezers, remove the foreign object from the nostrils.
- After the procedure, in order to prevent inflammation, instill an antiseptic, non-alcoholic solution or therapeutic drops into each nostril.
- Encourage your dog with a treat after an unpleasant procedure.
- In the following days, monitor the health of the pet.
Important! It is best to entrust the removal of foreign bodies from the dog’s respiratory organs to qualified specialists, especially with the development of an inflammatory reaction, edema. There are many blood vessels in the nose of dogs that are easily damaged during the procedure.
In veterinarians, veterinarians remove external objects with tweezers or resort to endoscopy. The choice of treatment technique depends on the nature, size of the foreign body, its location in the airways of the dog, condition, age. Often, the procedure is performed under general, combined anesthesia. After the procedure, the veterinarian will prescribe medications, nasal drops to relieve inflammation, nasal congestion, and normalization of respiratory function.
If endoscopic techniques fail, veterinarians resort to surgery.
Given the activity, the curiosity of dogs, laid down by nature, you should not be 100% sure that your pet will avoid the problem of foreign bodies getting into the nose, larynx, and pharynx. The problem is quite common, so after walking, always inspect the pet's nostrils.